ASD / Hole in the Heart

  • Many children are born with Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) a condition which is popularly known as **__holes in the heart.__** that separates the two top chambers of the heart. It is one type of congenital heart defect. A hole can vary in size and may close its own or may require surgery.

About ASD / Hole in the Heart

ASD, a hole in a heart that separates the two top chambers of the heart. It is one type of congenital heart defect. A hole can vary in size and may close its own or may require surgery. A baby's heart develops during the pregnancy, there are several openings in the wall which divides the upper chambers of the atria and usually close during pregnancy or shortly after birth. To prevent complications of ASD a surgery may be required.

###Causes and Risk Factors of ASD are:

  • Some babies have heart defects because of changes in their genes or chromosomes.
  • These types of heart defects also are thought to be caused by a combination of genes and other risk factors, such as things the mother comes in contact with in the environment or what the mother eats or drinks or the medicines the mother uses.


An atrial septal defect may be diagnosed during pregnancy or after the baby is born. In many cases, it may not be diagnosed until adulthood.

During Pregnancy

  • During pregnancy, there are screening tests (prenatal tests) to check for birth defects
  • An atrial septal defect might be seen during an ultrasound, but it depends on the size of the hole and its location. If an atrial septal defect is suspected, a specialist will need to confirm the diagnosis.

After the Baby is Born:

An atrial septal defect is present at birth, but many babies do not have any signs or symptoms. Signs and symptoms of a large or untreated atrial septal defect may include the following:

  • Frequent respiratory or lung infections
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Tiring when feeding (infants)
  • Shortness of breath when being active or exercising
  • Skipped heartbeats or a sense of feeling the heartbeat
  • A heart murmur, or a whooshing sound that can be heard with a stethoscope
  • Swelling of legs, feet, or stomach area
  • Stroke

It is possible that an atrial septal defect might not be diagnosed until adulthood. One of the most common ways an atrial septal defect is found is by detecting a murmur when listening to a person’s heart with a stethoscope. If a murmur is heard or other signs or symptoms are present, the health care provider might request one or more tests to confirm the diagnosis. The most common test is an echocardiogram which is an ultrasound of the heart.


Treatment for an atrial septal defect depends on the age of diagnosis, the number of or seriousness of symptoms, size of the hole, and presence of other conditions. Sometimes surgery is needed to repair the hole. Sometimes medications are prescribed to help treat symptoms. There are no known medications that can repair the hole.

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Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital

  • Mumbai
  • Only Hospital in Mumbai with Full time Specialist System. (All doctors are full timers with hospital)
Established : 2008 Number Of Beds : 750
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Narayana SRCC Childrens Hospital

  • Mumbai
  • Only Paediatric Hospital in Mumbai
Established : 2017 Number Of Beds : 207
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Fortis Hospital Mulund

  • Mumbai
  • Multi Speciality Hospital
Established : 2006 Number Of Beds : 300
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Indraprastha Apollo Hospital

  • Delhi
  • Multi Speciality
Established : 1996 Number Of Beds : 695
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MIOT Hospital

  • Chennai
  • Multi Speciality Hospital
Established : 1999 Number Of Beds : 1000
Magnus Doctor

Dr. Suresh Rao

  • MBBS, MS (Gen.Surg), MCh (CVT Surgery), Dip. N B (CT Surgery)
  • Director, Children's Heart Centre and Consultant, Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgeon
Magnus Doctor

Dr. Muthu Jothi

  • MBBS, MS, MCH, Trained In Adult, Paediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery, Heart And Heart- Lung Transplantation
  • Paediatric Cardio Thoracic Surgeon
Magnus Doctor

Dr. Robert Coelho

  • M.B.B.S, MS (General Surgery), M.Ch (Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery)
  • Director and Chief – Pediatric Cardiology
Magnus Doctor

Dr. Pradeep Kaushik

  • MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Cardiothoracic Surgery & Vascular Surgery
  • Senior Consultant
Magnus Doctor

Dr. Dhananjay Malankar

  • MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Cardio Thoracic and Vascular Surgery
  • Consultant - Cardiothoracic Surgeon

Treatment Cost for ASD / Hole in the Heart

Treatment Cost for ASD
Stay in Hospital :7 Stay in India : 7 Cost : $5000
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