When angiography is needed?
If there is any serious issue with the coronary artery or its blocked then there is the need of angiography to see what is the exact problem and that problem can be anything like...
- Heart attacks
- Any injury to the arteries, especially the artery that has been catheterized
- Arrhythmias (irregular heart-beats)
- Allergies caused due to the dye or other medications used during the procedure
- Damage to the kidneys
- Persistent bleeding
The Most Common Angiograms Includes:
- Pulmonary angiogram (of the chest)
- Coronary angiogram (of the heart)
- Cerebral angiogram (of the brain),
- Carotid angiogram (of the neck and the head),
- Peripheral angiogram (of the arms and legs) and
- Aortogram (of the aorta).
Types of Angiography:
1. Computed tomography angiography: In this, a CT scanner is used to get the detailed condition of the blood vessels. In this doctors also uses X-ray catheters, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
2. Coronary angiography (of the Heart): In this special dye is used and X-ray is done to see how the blood is flowing through the arteries present in your heart.
3. Digital subtraction angiography: It is a fluoroscopy technique in which the use of interventional radiology is done in order to get clear visualization in the boney or dense tissues.
4. Magnetic resonance angiography: In this, your body scan is done with the help of radio waves, magnetic fields and computer to take a proper view of the body's blood vessels.
5. Pulmonary angiogram (of the Chest): In this, the blood vessels of the lungs are checked and a dye is used for getting a clear view.
6. Radionuclide Angiogram: This is the kind of nuclear medicine procedure. This is done for examining the tissues properly.
7. Renal angiogram: This is a kind of image testing in which kidney vessels are looked into.
What are the differences on angiography and angioplasty?
Angiography: It is an imaging technique is used for the visualization of blood vessels, organs of the body, and particularly arteries, veins, and the heart chambers.
Angioplasty: This is done to restore the procedure of blood flow through the artery. In this, the blood vessels of the heart are checked if it is blocked or not. This procedure is basically done to restore the blood flow through the artery.
###How long does it take to recover?
You should take adequate rest and avoid any sort of strenuous activity for 24 hours post-angiogram, following which you can start with your daily routine. However, if your doctor has advised otherwise, you should follow it to recover completely and quickly.
What are the precautions to be taken before angiography?
- Do not eat or drink before going for the angiography.
- Do not take any medication before angiography without consulting your doctor.
- If you are diabetic then you must consult the doctor before taking insulin.
- Empty your bladder before going for the final procedure.
What are the alternatives to the treatment?
An angiogram or angiography is usually recommended by the doctor only if other less invasive testing techniques have been exhausted or haven’t been able to come up with concrete results. Certain less invasive alternatives include a heart stress test, ECG (Electrocardiography) and echocardiography.