Pituitary Gland is only about the size of a pea, but the gland controls all the important functioning of the human body like your growth, heart rate and ability to have kids. The pituitary gland is located behind the eyes and below the front of the brain. It is called as a 'Master Gland' as it tells other glands when to make more hormones. Those hormones regulate critical body organs and glands, including the:
1. Thyroid gland
2. Adrenal gland
The pituitary gland is rare and usually noncancerous, or benign. This Tumor is an abnormal cell that grows out of control in your Pituitary gland. Adenomas remain in your pituitary gland or surrounding tissues and don't spread to other parts of your body. This Tumor cause a serious problem because they make extra hormones or because of the size of the Tumor. There are various options to treat this Tumor-like controlling the growth and managing the hormonal level, removing the Tumor.
Pituitary cancer is a rare type of cancer. This type of cancer is diagnosed in older people and about 75 percent of cases were diagnosed after death. One in 4 people may have a benign pituitary Tumor (adenoma) and not even know it because the Tumor is noncancerous and doesn’t cause any symptoms.
The pituitary gland is close to the optic nerves, which carry messages between the brain and eyes. This gland is tucked in a small area just below your brain, there is no space n there so large tumors cause issues just because of their size.
Symptoms depend on their size and the hormones they release.
2. Vision loss
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3. Flushing of the face
4. Weak muscles and bones
5. High blood pressure
6. Weight gain
7. Bruising easily
8. Irritability, anxiety, and depression
9. Irregular heartbeat
10. large hands and feet (acromegaly)
11. Producing breast milk even if not pregnant
12. Lack of milk when breastfeeding
13. Menstrual cycle changes
14. Lowered sex drive
16. loss of body hair
17. Abnormal sexual development and growth in children
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Usually, Pituitary tumors often can be treated to return your hormone levels to normal.
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Functioning tumors, which actually make hormones, can also lead to problems. Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) controls how much cortisol hormone your body makes.
1. Easy bruising
2. High blood pressure
3. High blood sugar
4. Purple or pink stretch marks
5. Very round face
6. Weak muscles
7. Gaining Weight in the face, neck, and torso, but thin arms and legs
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Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) tells the thyroid to make hormones that control growth, temperature, and heart rate in your body. Too much can cause:
1. Fast or irregular heartbeat
2. Lots of bowel movements
3. Sleep problems
5. More sweat than normal
6. Weight loss
Even under a microscope, it’s difficult to recognize the difference between a cancerous and a noncancerous pituitary Tumor. A cancerous Tumor may be recognized until it spreads another part of the body. Pituitary cancer spreads equally to areas both inside the brain and outside the brain.
Common sites of spread (metastasis) include:
1. Nearby bone
3. lymph nodes
4. Organs such as the lungs, heart, liver, pancreas, kidneys, and ovaries
5. Other parts of the brain
6. Spinal cord
7. Meninges, which cover the brain and spinal cord
8. Brain blood vessels
Blood and urine tests can determine hormone levels and MRI and CT scan can detect tumors in the pituitary gland.
1. Eye exam to see if the Tumor has affected the vision
2. A neurological exam to test how your brain, spinal cord, and nerves are working.
The treatment for pituitary gland depends on the size of the Tumor and where it has spread.
Treatment options include:
2. Radiation therapy
4. Hormonal medications
Early diagnosis and treatment are essential. Surgery removes the pituitary gland and Radiation therapy destroys the Tumor with high energy X-rays. this therapy is helpful when surgery can’t remove the whole Tumor. In some cases, drug treatment is used.
Making certain lifestyle changes may improve your outlook and quality of life: