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Lumbar spine surgery

Lumbar decompression surgery is a type of surgery used to treat compressed nerves in the lower (lumbar) spine

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If you have a serious back pain issues like herniated disc, spinal stenosis or spondylolisthesis and if conservative treatments haven't worked and your pain is persistent and disabling then** Lumbar spine surgery** is recommended. Lumbar decompression surgery is a type of surgery which is used to compress the nerves in the lumbar spine.

The lumbar spine refers to the lower back, where the spine curves inward toward the abdomen. The lumbar spine is built for power and flexibility, for the activities like lifting, twisting, and bending. The lower the vertebra the more weight it bears, the five lumbar vertebras are L1-L5 are the biggest infused vertebra in the spine column. The spine column protects the cord, the spine cord travels from the skull through the spinal column and ends at T12- L1 where the thoracic spine meets the lumbar spine. From that point several nerves roots from the spine cord continue down and branch out this formation is known as "cauda equina, These nerves are too at the lower buttocks, legs, and feet. Because the spinal cord does not run from the lumbar spine, the low back problem would rarely result in spinal cord damage or paralysis.

Lumbar surgery is aimed to improve symptoms like continues pain, numbness in the leg caused by the pressure occur on the nerves in the spine.

Lumbar spine surgery

Benefits of lumbar spine surgery are:

  • You can move around better.
  • You're more physically fit.
  • Your mood improves.
  • You don't need to take pain medicine.
  • You can go back to work.

People who undergo lumbar surgery experience good results following the operation. people experience relief of pain and return of functional movement like walk, sit, drive a car, and cope with the activities of daily life more easily.

There are two types of Lumbar surgeries:

1. Lumbar Decompression:

The goal of lumbar decompression surgery is to relieve pain caused by nerve root pinching. The common causes of lumbar nerve root pressure from a lumbar herniated disc or lumbar spinal stenosis. The lumber decompression involves removing a small portion of the bone which is causing pinching of the nerve. This process will provide more room for the nerve to heal.

A common type of decompression surgeries is:

  • Microdiscectomy
  • laminectomy lumbar decompression is carried out under general anesthetic, you will be unconscious during the surgery. The whole operation lasts for one hour or much than that depending on the complexity of the procedure. After the surgery you will get a discharge in one to four days, depending on the complexity of the surgery and your level of mobility before the operation. Most of the people are back to walk within a day after having an operation.

This surgery can be an effective treatment for people with severe pain caused by compressed nerves. Many people who have done the operation are very happy with the results. people who found difficulty in walking and pain in the leg before the surgery are now often able to walk further and more easily after the operation.

Benefits of Lumbar spine surgery

The risk associated with lumbar decompression surgery are:

  • Infection at the site of operation.
  • A blood clot in one of the legs.
  • Pulmonary embolism.
  • Damaged to the spine or nerve.
  • Numbness in one leg or both the legs.
  • In rare cases some degree of paralysis.

    2. Lumbar Fusion

    The goal of lumbar fusion is to stop the pain from the lower back. It is the most common type of surgery for chronic pain of back. Spinal fusion permanently joins two or more bones in your spine. The lumbar fusion procedure is performed for pain and disability caused by lumbar degenerative disc disease or by spondylolisthesis. A spine fusion surgery involves using a bone graft to stop the painful motion at a painful vertebral segment which decreases pain generated from the joint. medical device, bone graft procedure, and bone stimulator are sometimes used with spine fusion. This condition is rare but it probably won’t limit your activity. The bones don’t always fuse completely.


Magnus Medi blogs are purely meant for information purpose. It contains only general information and discussions about health and its related subjects. It is not a medical advice and should not treat as such. The words and other content provided in this blog, and in any linked materials, are not intended and should not be construed as medical advice. The opinions and views expressed on this blog are referred by a healthcare site and from experienced medical practitioners.

If the reader or any other person has a medical concern, you should consult with your health care provider or seek other professional medical treatment. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking it. Or you can contact us our executive will help you get the second opinion from renowned doctors.

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