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Bone Marrow Cancer- Diagnosis and Treatment

In this blog, learn about the treatments include chemotherapy, stem cell therapy, and radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and the outlook of the treatment

MagnusMedi is inclined towards delivering quality & affordable healthcare services to the patients across the globe. We at MagnusMedi go an extra mile to take care of the patients & deliver value for money.

Within a short span of time, MagnusMedi has associated itself with the leading hospitals and doctors all over India, which gives more options to the patients. It has already set up its representative office in Nairobi, Kenya and soon is planning to get established in other parts of Africa, Asia, and the Middle East.

Diagnosis of Bone marrow cancer

If you have bone marrow cancer symptoms your doctor will review your medical history and will perform a physical examination. The doctor will check your bone marrow to see if it is making a normal number of cells this is called bone marrow test.

1. Blood and urine tests - Blood and urine test will detect the protein associated with myeloma. It will also evaluate kidney function, electrolyte levels, or other blood cell levels, complete blood count, chemistry profile, and Tumor markers. Urine tests are performed to check protein levels and assess kidney function.

2. Imaging tests - X-ray MRI, CT, PET scans can be used to look for abnormal or damaged bones. Imaging tests can help determine how far cancer has spread and what organs are affected.

Bone marrow cancer

3. Biopsy - If a doctor needs more information then he will perform a bone marrow biopsy test, where he'll remove a small piece of marrow through a bigger needle. The result of the biopsy can confirm bone marrow cancer and can provide information about the specific types of cancer.

4. Bone Marrow Aspiration - Doctor will take a small amount of fluid from bone marrow with a needle to test. This test will give the doctor some idea of what the problem is. It'll also let the doctor know if you have a fever or infection. A specialist will look at the sample under a microscope to look for abnormal growth of cancerous cells. This test is done with anesthesia to minimize discomfort or pain. The test is simple and safe.

These tests may also be used frequently during treatment to check how the treatment is working or to monitor how the disease is progressing.

Treatment for bone marrow cancer

The treatment for bone marrow cancer is highly individualized and depends on the specific type and stage of cancer at diagnosis, as well as any other health considerations. Treatment can be used to cure cancer or to prevent it from spreading or to just minimize the symptoms to make the person comfortable.

The type of treatment includes:

1. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a systemic treatment designed to destroy cancer cells or prevent them from reproducing in the body. There is a different type of chemotherapy treatment available. Your doctor will prescribe you a drug or combination of drugs based on your specific type of cancer.

2. Stem cell transplant: With stem cells and bone marrow transplant your doctor will replace the damaged bone marrow with healthy bone marrow from a donor. Stem cell transplant is an option in many cases although not everyone is a candidate for this type of treatment. This treatment may involve high-portion chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Bone marrow cancer symptoms

3. Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy can ease the pain. this therapy may also be used with other treatments to help you fight the disease if it’s spread. The treatment you’ll try along with drugs, surgery, or a stem cell transplant. After you diagnosed with the bone marrow cancer your oncologist will discuss all the available treatment and possible treatment plan. The doctor might need to adjust periodically, depending on how the cancer is responding and how the person is reacting to the medication.

4. Targeted therapy drugs: Target therapy drugs attack specific types of cancer cells. Unlike chemotherapy, they prevent damage to healthy cells.

5. Biological therapy: Biological therapy uses your immune system to kill cancer cells.

Outlook for bone marrow cancer

After the diagnosis of bone marrow cancer, the outlook varies from person to person. People with the early diagnosis has responded well to treatment and remain cancer-free for years after going into remission. Cancer research is constantly improving and new treatments and promising medications. Sometimes bone marrow cancer is much more aggressive. The outlook depends on bases such as your overall health, age, and how well you respond to treatment.


Magnus Medi blogs are purely meant for information purpose. It contains only general information and discussions about health and its related subjects. It is not a medical advice and should not treat as such. The words and other content provided in this blog, and in any linked materials, are not intended and should not be construed as medical advice. The opinions and views expressed on this blog are referred by a healthcare site and from experienced medical practitioners.

If the reader or any other person has a medical concern, you should consult with your health care provider or seek other professional medical treatment. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking it. Or you can contact us our executive will help you get the second opinion from renowned doctors.

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