ASD- What are the types, treatment and Best Doctors?

By Magnus Admin Oct 08, 2018

Atrial septal defects types:

  • Secundum- This is the most common type of ASD, it can occur in the middle part of the atrial septum.
  • Primum- ASD occurs in the lower part of the atrial septum close to the tricuspid and mitral valves, and may occur with other congenital heart problems.
  • Sinus venous - This is rare defect usually occurs in the upper part of the atrial septum near the veins that drain into the right atrium.
  • Coronary sinus- in this rare defect, ASD occurs when there is a defect in the wall between the coronary sinus and the left atrium.

Risk Factors

Some conditions that occur during pregnancy may increase the risk of atrial septum defect

  • Tobacco, alcohol use
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Rubella infection


Your child may need to see a pediatric cardiologist for a diagnosis of a heart murmur. The heart murmur is from the abnormal flow of blood through the heart. a doctor will examine your child and listen to the child's heart or lungs. on the basis of a doctor's diagnosis, you have to perform the following tests:

  • Chest x-ray - An X-Ray Image helps Your doctor to see the condition of heart and lungs.
  • ECG (Electrocardiogram)-This test records the electrical activity of the heart Echo
  • Cardiac catheterization- This test uses a thin, flexible tube known as a catheter put near the heart. contrast dye is used to give a clear picture.

 Atrial septal defects  type


Large defects can cause a serious problem, this is because the extra blood flows through the defect and then into lungs may harm the vessels in the lungs.

  • Shortened life span
  • Right-sided heart failure
  • Arrhythmias

Related Post - What is ASD repair procedure and its symptoms

Treatment for atrial septal defect

Treatment of ASD is determined on your child's physician based on:

  • Extent of disease
  • Your opinion or preference
  • Childs age, overall health, and history
  • Child's tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies

Connect with top Doctors and Hospitals in India

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Top 3 surgeons for Atrial septal defects in India

1. Dr.Suresh Rao

Director, Children's Heart Centre and Consultant, Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgeon.

Hospital: Kokilaben Dhirubhai Hospital

Dr. Suresh Rao heads the Children Heart Centre at Kokilaben Hospital. He has more than 25 years of experience in the field of Paediatrics & Congenital Heart Surgery and has performed more than 12,000 surgeries. Dr. Rao got his training of CVT Surgery from Sree Chitra Institute Trivandrum, and then joined Madras Medical Mission (MMM) at Chennai. Thereafter worked at New Zealand, Australia and USA to get trained in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery.

Related Post - Know the Treatment for Ventricular Septal Defect

2. Dr.Pradeep kumar Kaushik

Senior Consultant - Pediatric Cardiac Surgery

Hospital - SRCC

Location- Navi Mumbai

Dr. Pradeep Kumar Kaushik is a Senior Consultant - Pediatric Cardiac Surgery at SRCC Children's Hospital. Total 14 years of experience in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery.

Dr. Pradeep Kumar Kaushik completed his MBBS from Dr. SN Medical College in Jodhpur during the passing batch of 1995; he has an affinity for knowledge and this took him to do MS in General Surgery from Dr. SN Medical College, Jodhpur. He has also done DNB in Cardiothoracic & Vascular Surgery from Fortis Escorts Heart Institute & Research Centre, Okhla Road, New Delhi. Dr. Kaushik also did Fellowship in Congenital Cardiac Surgery from Narayana Hrudayalaya Hospital and The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

 Atrial septal defects cause

3. Dr.K.S.Iyer

Cardiac Surgery/ Cardio Thoracic Vascular Surgery

Hospital - Fortis Escorts

Location- Delhi

Krishna Iyer is one of India's most experienced pediatric cardiac surgeons, recognised for his clinical expertise and involvement with cardiac care for children in India and other developing nations. Dr. Iyer has operated on more than 14,000 patients with congenital heart diseases from all parts of India and International patients from over 15 countries. He has performed the first successful rapid two stage arterial switch and double-switch operation in India. He has more than hundred research publications in national and international journals and travels extensively to cities across India and abroad to deliver lectures.