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Salivary gland tumors- a rare type of Tumor

Salivary gland tumors are rare types of tumors that begin in the salivary glands. This type of Tumor is also called as head and neck cancer

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Types of Salivary gland Tumor

Salivary gland tumors are rare types of tumors that begin in the salivary glands. This type of Tumor is also called as head and neck cancer. Your body glands make saliva also called as spit. Saliva makes your food moist, which help you chew and swallow, helps in digest the food. It also cleans the mouth an contains antibodies that can kill germs.

There are three pairs of major salivary glands under and behind your jaw:

  1. Parotid- These are the largest salivary glands and are found in front of and just below each ear.
  2. Sublingual - These glands are found under the tongue in the floor of the mouth.
  3. Submandibular - These glands are found below the jawbone.

You have hundreds of minor salivary glands lining parts of the mouth, nose, and larynx that can be seen only with a microscope.

What are the Signs and symptoms of a salivary gland cancer?

Salivary glad cancer may not cause any symptoms, it sometimes found during the physical exam or dental check-ups

  1. A lump or swelling on or near your jaw or in neck and mouth
  2. Fluid draining from your ear
  3. Trouble swallowing mouth widely
  4. Numbness or weakness on your face
  5. Persistent pain in the area of a salivary gland

To diagnose salivary gland cancer Doctors will recommend following tests and Physical exams:

  1. Past cancer history
  2. MRI
  3. CT-scan
  4. PET scan
  5. Endoscopy
  6. Ultrasound
  7. Biopsy

CT and MRI scans are usually done to determine if salivary gland cancer has spread to other tissues.

Salivary gland tumors

What are the Types of Salivary gland cancer/ Tumor?

Based on the type of cells involved in the tumors exits Doctors classifies cancer.

pleomorphic adenoma is the most common type of gland Tumor. The three types of tumors are as follows:

  1. Basal cell adenoma
  2. Oncocytoma
  3. Warthin Tumor

Types of malignant salivary gland tumors include:

  1. Acinic cell carcinoma
  2. Adenocarcinoma
  3. Adenoid cystic carcinoma
  4. Clear cell carcinoma
  5. Malignant mixed Tumor
  6. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma
  7. Oncocytic carcinoma
  8. Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma
  9. Salivary duct carcinoma
  10. Squamous cell carcinoma

Salivary gland cancer has 4 stages

  1. stage I- confirms the salivary gland cancer and its 2cm.
  2. stage II- Larger than 2cm but nor larger than 4cm.
  3. Stage III- Spread till Lymph node.
  4. Stage IV - Has spread further.

Staging affects choices of therapy, the higher the stage the more likely patient will require aggressive therapy

What are the Risk factors?

1. Radiation Exposure- Radiation used to treat Head and Neck cancer increases the risk of salivary Tumor.

2. Older age- This type of Tumor can occur at any age, the most commonly occur in older adults.

3. Environmental exposure- Some industries solvent may increase the salivary gland cancer. Exposure of chemical used in the leather industry and pesticides

4. Radioactive substance exposure- exposure to certain radioactive substances has been linked to an increased risk of salivary gland cancer.

What is the treatment?

The right treatment depends on the cause, type of infection, and any other symptoms causing the pain and swelling. There are different types of treatment for patients with salivary gland cancer. Consult your doctor and planned the treatment by the team of doctors who are expert in Head and Neck cancer. some treatments are standard, which are being used currently and some are being tested at clinical trials. When clinical trials show that a new treatment is better than the standard treatment, the new treatment may become the standard treatment.

Three types of standard treatment are used:

Salivary gland cancer

  1. Surgery
  2. Radiation therapy
  3. Chemotherapy

Best hospitals in India for Salivary gland Tumor treatment

1. Jaslok Hospital, Mumbai

Established in 1970, Jaslok Hospital is one of the oldest tertiary care, multi-specialty hospitals in the country. The hospital specializes in Cardiology, Oncology, Neurosurgery, Nuclear Medicine, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Ophthalmology, Orthopaedic, Paediatric, Paediatric Surgery, Pain Management, Pathology, Plastic Surgery, Psychiatry, Psychology, Pulmonology and Radiation Oncology. First Hospital in South Asia to perform MR guided ultrasound surgeries of Liver, Brain, Kidney, Thyroid, Epilepsy, Prostate, Pancreas and MRgFUS for the treatment of Uterine Fibroids. The hospital has ranked 2nd in Mumbai and in the West Zone and 6th in India in the recent health survey on Top Specialty Hospitals in India by Times.

2. Manipal Hospital, Bangalore

Manipal Hospitals is one of India ’s foremost multi-specialty healthcare providers catering to both Indian and international patients. With more than 5000 operational beds, our commitment to the overall well-being of an individual is at the core of everything we do. Through our network of hospitals and experienced team of medical professionals, we provide quality and affordable healthcare to everyone. we are one of India’s leading healthcare groups with a network of 15 hospitals and have an international presence through our hospital in Malaysia.

3. Narayana Multi-speciality Hospital, Bangalore

Narayana Health is a premium multispecialty tertiary care hospital chain in India with its headquarter in Bangalore. It has 23 hospitals, 7 heart centres and 24 primary care facilities across India along with one hospital in Cayman Islands, North America. Narayana Multi-speciality Hospital is the NABH accredited flagship healthcare centre of Narayan Health Group. Narayana Multi-speciality Hospital houses the most advanced emergency unit that provides immediate attention to patients who require critical care. NH Jaipur was honoured with Quality Beyond Accreditation at the Global Concave of Association of Health Care Providers India (AHPI). Narayana Health has also been listed in Fortune Next 500 List of Companies.

4. Fortis Hospital, Mulund, Mumbai

IT is 300-bed multi-specialty tertiary care hospital providing a range of diagnostic and treatment services. With cutting edge technology, highly skilled and experienced surgeons and paramedical staff the Fortis Hospital at Mulund provides a patient-centric approach. It is the first hospital in India to launch Electronic ICU. It has the first NABH accredited Blood Bank in India and three times NABL accredited Pathology Labs.


Magnus Medi blogs are purely meant for information purpose. It contains only general information and discussions about health and its related subjects. It is not a medical advice and should not treat as such. The words and other content provided in this blog, and in any linked materials, are not intended and should not be construed as medical advice. The opinions and views expressed on this blog are referred by a healthcare site and from experienced medical practitioners.

If the reader or any other person has a medical concern, you should consult with your health care provider or seek other professional medical treatment. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking it. Or you can contact us our executive will help you get the second opinion from renowned doctors.

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