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Lung Transplant Procedure and it’s risk

A lung transplant is a surgical procedure to replace a diseased or failing lung with a healthy lung, mostly from a deceased donor.

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A lung transplant is a surgical procedure to replace a diseased or failing lung with a healthy lung, mostly from a deceased donor. A lung transplant is an effective treatment for lung disease which has caused trouble in lung function. Lung transplant is a useful treatment for respiratory disease. A lung transplant is retained for people who have tried other treatment modalities, but their conditions haven't improved and also in people whose lung disease is so severe that they can no longer live and breathe comfortably.

Depending on your condition the lungs may be replacing one of your lungs or both of them. While lung transplant is a major operation that can involve risks and complications.

when you decide to have a lung transplant, what to expect from a lung transplant, its process, the surgery and potential risks and follow-up care are as follows.

Lung Transplant

Lung transplant learn who needs it?

People with extreme end-stage lung disease can be considered for a lung transplant. Unhealthy or damaged lungs can make it difficult to get the oxygen which requires your body to survive. There are a variety of serval diseases and condition that can damage your lung ability to function effectively. some of the causes are:

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (emphysema and chronic bronchitis).
  • Scarring of the lungs (pulmonary fibrosis).
  • pulmonary arterial hypertension.
  • Cystic fibrosis.

Lung damaged often treated with a breathing exercise (device) and medication. when these options do not work and your lung function becomes life-threatening then your doctor might suggest you a single lung transplant or double lung transplant.

some people with coronary artery disease may need a procedure to restore blood flow of narrowing or blocked artery in the heart, in addition to lung transplant. In some cases, with serious heart and lung condition, people need to combine the heart and lung transplant.

A lung transplant may not be appropriate if:

  • Have an active infection.
  • Have a recent medical history of cancer.
  • Have serious diseases likes kidney, liver or heart diseases.
  • Do not have a supportive network of family and friends.

Risk Your immune system defends your body from a foreign substance. even if you get a best possible match donor still your immune system will try to attack and reject your new lungs. The risk is higher after the lung transplant surgery and it reduced over time. After the transplant, you need to take the medication to suppress your immune system in effect to prevent organ rejection. You will have to take anti-rejection drugs for the rest of your life.

The side effects of anti-rejection drugs would be:

  • Weight gain.
  • Facial hair.
  • Stomach problems.

    Ani rejection drugs can improve the risk of a new condition such as:

  • Diabetes.
  • Kidney damage.
  • Osteoporosis.
  • Cancer.
  • High blood pressure.

single lung transplant

Lung donor

Out of India patients’ needs to bring their donor for the transplant. The Health Ministry has made it mandatory for foreign nationals seeking organ transplant in India to be registered in the waiting list of hospitals following reports claiming they were being given preferential treatment by some private institutions.

The registered transplant center has to intimate the Regional Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisations (ROTTOs) and the list of foreign nationals seeking organ donation in India has to be shared with the NOTTO (National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation) in advance, officials said here.

Also, an organ can be allotted to a foreign national only if there is no Indian recipient available to receive the donated organ at that time, said Dr. Vasanthi Ramesh, Director of NOTTO.

During Lung Transplant

During your lung transplant procedure, complete unconsciousness is maintained with general anaesthesia so you will be in sleep and won’t feel any pain. Your surgeon will cut your chest to remove the diseased lung. The main airway of your lung the blood vessels between your heart and lung will be then connected to the donor's lung. for some lung transplant surgery, you may be connected to the heart-lung machine, this device helps circulate blood during the procedure.

After the surgery, you will be shifted to the ICU ward for several days. A ventilator will help you breathe for a few days, and tubes in your chest will drain fluids from around your lungs and heart. You will be given a strong medication to control pain and to prevent rejection of your new lung. when your condition improves you will be moved out of the ICU and ventilator will be removed. The amount of time you spend in ICU and hospital varies.

You will also monitor sign and symptoms of rejection such as:

  • Shortness of breath.
  • Fever.
  • Coughing.
  • Chest congestion. It is important to let your transplant team know if you notice any above sign and symptoms.


Magnus Medi blogs are purely meant for information purpose. It contains only general information and discussions about health and its related subjects. It is not a medical advice and should not treat as such. The words and other content provided in this blog, and in any linked materials, are not intended and should not be construed as medical advice. The opinions and views expressed on this blog are referred by a healthcare site and from experienced medical practitioners.

If the reader or any other person has a medical concern, you should consult with your health care provider or seek other professional medical treatment. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking it. Or you can contact us our executive will help you get the second opinion from renowned doctors.

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