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Hepatitis D and its treatment

Hepatitis D can’t be contracted on its own, it can only infect people if you come in contact with blood or other body fluid.

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Hepatitis D (HDV) also known as a delta virus, this virus cause liver to become inflamed. If you have hepatitis B then the risk of attacking hepatitis D increases. HDV occurs simultaneously with HBV. This infection can impair liver function and can cause long terms liver problem such as liver scarring, liver failure or even cancer. Treatment for HDV can be challenging.

Hepatitis D Virus is common in the following regions:

  • South America.
  • West Africa.
  • Russia.
  • Pacific islands.
  • Central Asia.
  • Mediterranean.

Hepatitis D can’t be contracted on its own, it can only infect people if you come in contact with blood or other body fluid. Like other forms of the virus, hepatitis D can be acute or chronic. Acute hepatitis D occurs suddenly and typically causes more severe symptoms but it may go by its own. If the condition last for 6 months or more than that then it is called chronic hepatitis D. The virus must be present in your body for serval months before symptoms occur, as the infection develops gradually over time. if the chronic HDV progress the chances of complication increases. Many people with this condition eventually develop cirrhosis or scarring of the liver.

symptoms of Hepatitis D

  • Jaundice.
  • Joint pain.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • vomiting.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Dark urine.
  • Fatigue.

hepatitis D

The symptoms of HBV and HDV are same, so it is difficult to determine which disease is causing your symptoms. in some cases, if you have hepatitis B then hepatitis D can make your symptoms worse.

Your doctor will ask you a question about your symptoms and will examine you. The doctor will ask for a blood test to know the type of hepatitis. If you have it the doctor will perform imaging tests to check your liver for signs of damage.

How is hepatitis D contracted?

Hepatitis D is contagious and spread through direct contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person. It can also be transmitted through:

  • Vaginal fluids.
  • Urine.
  • Blood.
  • Semen.
  • From mother to her newborn child. Once’s you have hepatitis D you can infect others before you know the symptoms.

Who’s at risk for hepatitis D?

  • Have hepatitis B.
  • A man who has sex with other men.
  • Often receive blood transfusions.
  • Use injectable or intravenous (IV) drugs, such as heroin.

Treatment for HDV

How Can I Keep from Getting HDV?

There no vaccine that can prevent hepatitis D, the best way to avoid it is to cut your risk from getting hepatitis B.

Don’t share needles if you inject drugs. Keep personal items separate like your toothbrush and razor Avoid blood or body fluid contact with someone with hepatitis. Wear gloves if you have to touch someone else’s open wound or sore.

If you have HDV indulge some healthy choices to protect your life from further damaged. Avoid regulate alcohol consumption, talk to your doctor about a healthy way to eat. You also have to take care that you do not infect others. Let your doctor and dentist know that you have diagnosed with hepatitis before the visits.

How is hepatitis D diagnosed?

If you have any above-mentioned symptoms call your doctor. If you have symptoms without jaundice, your doctor may not suspect hepatitis. The doctor will also give you a liver function test if the doctor suspects you have liver damage. It will be a blood test that evaluates the health of your liver if antibodies are found, it means you've been exposed to the virus. The blood test will be measuring the levels of proteins, liver enzymes, and bilirubin in your blood

How is hepatitis D treated?

There are no formal treatments for acute or chronic hepatitis D. Antiviral medications don't seem to be very effective in treating HDV. The doctor may suggest taking a medication called interferon for up to 12 months, Interferon is a type of protein that may stop the virus from spreading and lead to remission from the disease. Also, hepatitis D infection can be prevented by hepatitis B immunization. It is been seen that hepatitis D can still test positive for the virus, so it’s still important to use precautionary measures to prevent transmission and recurring.

HEALTH DISCLAIMER

Magnus Medi blogs are purely meant for information purpose. It contains only general information and discussions about health and its related subjects. It is not a medical advice and should not treat as such. The words and other content provided in this blog, and in any linked materials, are not intended and should not be construed as medical advice. The opinions and views expressed on this blog are referred by a healthcare site and from experienced medical practitioners.

If the reader or any other person has a medical concern, you should consult with your health care provider or seek other professional medical treatment. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking it. Or you can contact us our executive will help you get the second opinion from renowned doctors.

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